Insects are by far the most common animals on the planet. An incredible 1.5 million species have been named but there are many more species which have yet to be discovered and identified. Without bugs, life as we know simply wouldn’t be possible. Bugs pollinate fruits, flowers and vegetables, ensuring that we have the food we need to survive. Their byproducts are useful to. Without insects there would be no honey, beeswax or silk.
Many insects help to keep pest species at controllable levels, ensuring that a balanced ecosystem is maintained. Others eat decaying organic matter and dead animals, preventing waste from accumulating in the environment. The role of insects in the food chain shouldn’t be underestimated either. They are an important source of food for amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
Bees are particularly crucial to the environment. If there were no bees to pollinate plants, all vegetation would eventually die out. Food would be scare and oxygen levels would fall beneath the levels we need to survive. Unfortunately bees have been in sharp decline in the UK. with the population of bumblebees having fallen by a dramatic 70% in just thirty years. The loss of wildflower meadows and hedgerows has severely impacted bees as has the use of pesticides and chemical fertilisers in agriculture.